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CandleStick Charts: Beginners Guide (2021)

As a beginner investor, you've most likely heard of a candlestick charts and chart patterns, but you may not fully understand what it means or how to identify these patterns. Learn all about candlestick charts, patterns, and technical analysis in our free candlestick charting guide below!

Candlestick Charting Guide

Whether you're a new investor, a beginner day trader, or a novice swing trader, you've undoubtedly heard of candlestick charts or candlestick chart patterns. In this guide we will show you how vital chart patterns can be to making profitable trades on the stock market. 

Aside from having the right charting and trading tools at your disposal, savvy investors also need to have a thorough understanding of what price movements to expect in the future.

Like other charting types, candlestick charts and candlestick patterns can help investors to determine future price movement based on past patterns, enabling them make wiser investment decisions.

Knowing how to interpret chart patterns will help knowledgeable investors determine whether they should go short (when a trader takes a trade wagering the price of a stock will fall) or go long, (which is when a trader buys a stock expecting a move higher in price). 

In the following beginner's guide to investing in the stock market, we're exploring the basic principles of the reading candlestick charts. 

We'll also cover some of the most common candlestick patterns to watch out for when monitoring the stocks on your watch list. 

 

What Is A Candlestick Chart? 

A candlestick chart shows more information than a bar chart, for example, as it shows the open price of each candle, the high price, low price, and the close price: 

Candlestick Chart

The Anatomy of BEARISH vs BULLISH Candlesticks

Each "candle" is used to describe price fluctuations during a given period.

Daily CandleStick Chart Example

In the example below, we are looking at a 1 day (daily) chart. Each candle represents one full day of trading over a 3 week period and the price fluctuations during that time:

Bullish Daily Chart

ANY Daily Chart Representing 2 weeks of price action

Looking at the image above we can see that on the most recent day of trading the stock traded a high of $7.43, a low of $6.21, and the stock closed at $6.81.

Candlestick charts can also be viewed using alternate periods, such as by the minute, every five minutes, per hour, day, week, month, year, etc.

 

IntraDay 5min CandleStick Chart Example

Below is the same stock, but showing the intraday action (the inside of the last green candle in the previous example) represented by 5 minute chart candles so we can see exactly what happened during that day of trading.

ANY 5min Chart

ANY 5min Chart representing one full day of trading broken down into 5 minute segments - Each candle represents 5 minutes of action

 

How To Read A Candlestick Pattern - The Anatomy Of A Candle

As you can see, each candle is made up of two main parts; the rectangular body of the candle, which will either be red or green, and the lines at the top and bottom of the body, which are referred to as the wicks or shadows. 

Note that in some charts, a white/empty candle body may represent a green candle, and a black/filled candle may represent a red candle. This can usually be changed within the chart settings. 

The candle's body describes the opening and closing price of a stock for a given period, whereas the wicks or shadows at the top and bottom of the candle denote the highest and lowest price of that period.

The more significant the difference between the open and close price, the longer the body of the candlestick will be.

And, the more significant the difference between the period's highest and lowest price, the longer the wicks will be. 

 

Bullish Candlesticks

When the candlestick's close price is higher than the open price, this results in a green candlestick body. 

This is referred to as a bullish candlestick which means that during this time period, the stock closed higher than its starting price.

Bullish Candlestick

Bullish Candlestick Closes above it open price for that time period

 

Bearish Candlesticks

Alternatively, when the price of a stock closes lower than it opened, you'll see red candlestick, referred to as a bearish candlestick. 

Typically, a bearish candlestick means that sellers have been in control during the period and are driving the price lower. 

 

Bearish Candlestick

Bearish Candlestick Closes BELOW its open price for that time period.

Identifying Bullish and Bearish Chart Patterns

Like bullish or bearish candles, a series of multiple candles can be used to identify either bullish or bearish chart patterns, which can help investors determine a stock's future price movement. 

 

Bullish Chart Pattern

For instance, a bullish breakout pattern is a common, easy-to-spot pattern that may indicate an upcoming breakout.

Flag Break / Cup and Candle Breakout Pattern on Daily Chart

In the example above, we are looking at a daily chart (so every candlestick represents a full day of price action).

In this particular trade setup, you can buy the circled candle on that trading day, put a stop loss on the support of the lower candles ($4.00 per share), and hold long for a few days while the price rises.

The exact same pattern can be applied to smaller time frame charts such as a 5min chart, for day trading, as seen in the example below:

ANY 5min chart

5 Minute Chart Breakout Pattern

Bearish Chart Pattern

To read a chart and reliably identify a pattern, candlestick analysts need to have a keen eye and a solid knowledge and understanding of recent price movements, as well as knowing what they can deduce from those recent movements.

You can use the same principles as used in the chart above to give you solid indications of when to SELL a stock, or to go short. 

5 minute chart reversal pattern

It's often said that predicting stock prices is more of an art than a science, but I disagree. There are repeatable patterns in the market with high win rates. With enough patience, practice, and back-testing, over time, you'll be able to develop your edge and design a more systematic trading system that will help you reduce risk and increase your chances of success.

 

Who Can Use CandleStick Charts and Patterns

Anyone! Whether you are a day trader trading from one of the 5 minute chart patterns shown above, or a swing trader trading from the daily chart example, or even a long term investor, charting and chart patterns are very reliable in predicting future price movements when used properly.

 

The Importance Of Candlestick Patterns

To understand when you should buy or sell, you'll need to comprehend that price movements are always controlled by the never-ending battle between buyers and sellers. 

When more investors are buying a stock than there are selling, we can say that the buyers are in control, which drives increasing higher prices. 

On the other hand, when more people are selling stock than there are buying, we can say that the sellers are in control, which will drive prices lower. 

Once you can identify which party has control of a stock's price, you can learn to recognize the chart patterns forming, and better predict future price movements. 

 

How To Identify A Candlestick Pattern

The abandoned baby? Bullish harami? The rising three? These sound like something out of an astrology book, right? 

Knowing that there are so many candlestick patterns is enough to overwhelm any beginner investor or trader. 

The truth is, you don't need to know the fancy names, you just need to know a few reliable patterns that you can use repeatedly in the market every day.

Note that learning to read candlesticks seems easy when looking back on past charts. But reading charts and predicting price movements in real-time takes a well-trained, professional eye. 

Its very helpful to have a professional day trading chat room that calls out and identifies these patterns for you so you can learn them faster!

 

Learn More about Candlestick Patterns

In this beginner's guide to candlestick patterns, we've covered many of the basic principles investors use to trade profitably on the stock market.

By now, you should have a basic understanding of the principles of candlestick charts, and how price movements are influenced by buying and selling pressure. 

The truth is, its good to know what classic candlestick chart patterns mean, but there are only 4 simple patterns that I use in my every day trading which I have used and perfected for years, which are outlined in our free day trading course for members of our trading group.

I hope this guide helps you better understand the fundamentals of using a candlestick chart to predict future price movements. Good luck in your trading!

 

P.S. - Grab our free Day Trading Video Lesson below!